When your knee is severely damaged that it cannot be fixed by any procedure, knee replacement is the sole procedure to bring back your normal activity level. Once your physician recommends you the knee surgery, following are the things that you can expect to happen:
Your surgeon will suggest the various activities that should occur to ensure that the procedure will be successful such as:
Get surgical consultation including X-rays, medical history, previous surgery if any and the medicines used and allergies if any.
The consultation also includes orthopaedic evaluation and discussion about the surgery
A physical diagnosis will be performed.
Your physician will find the best condition for knee surgery
Pre-Blood donation may be needed in case of need of transfusion after surgery
Your surgeon may recommend a physical therapist to learn exercises that are required before you undergo the surgery
Get to know about the rehabilitation process so that after receiving the surgery you can be prepared for after-surgery care.
When you arrive at the hospital for surgery, doctor takes your vital signs and IV begins to give you essential fluids and medicine during and after the surgery. An elastic stocking may be offered to reduce the chance of blood clots. You also need to have empty bladder and your ornaments will be removed. The target leg is cleaned and shaved for surgery. Anesthesia requirements will be discussed with an expert for final use and then you will be sent to the surgical theater.
Knee replacement surgery
In the total knee replacement procedure, the affected bone in the knee joint is cut and removed and then a new prosthesis is placed. After the surgery, you are diagnosed for recovery for your important signs, circulation and sensation in your legs and feet. Once the anesthesia wears off, you feel stabilized.
You will see a heavy dressing piled up on your surgical leg that is done to maintain cleanliness and soak the fluid if any. You will get a PCA equipment as prescribed by your doctor that is attached to your IV. This device circulates small dose of pain medication, it is activated once the button is pressed.
There might be a catheter inserted in your bladder in case of urine obstruction due to side effects of anesthesia. A continuous passive motion is placed on your leg to gradually bend and straighten your knee. This device is essential to regain the motion of your knee.