Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure to connect two vertebrae that includes bone graft with or without parts such as rods or screws. There are various kinds of bone grafts like as your original bone and donor bone. The surgery can be performed in two ways:
- Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
- Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion that involves a surgical procedure through a foramen.
Spinal fusion surgery aims to prevent the movement at a painful vertebral segment to reduce the pain caused in joint.
There are several ways to lumbar spinal fusion surgery and these include the following procedure:
- Add bone graft to a part of the spine
- Establish a biological response that allows the bone graft growth among the two vertebral elements to develop a bone fusion.
- The boney fusion that offers replacement of a mobile joint with a fixed bone to prevent the movement at that part of the joint.
At each spine level, a disc space is available in the front and paired facet joints in the back. During the surgery a bone graft is used to cause development of two vertebral bodies into single long bone.