Joints and knees help to bend, move, stretch, and sit in any position we want and that is why a natural bone or joint is recommended to be protected. With the change in the environment, facilities, and way of life, many factors have caused people to lose their joints or knees hence requiring a knee surgery
What is a Knee Surgery?
A Knee Replacement Surgery refers to a procedure where a knee affected by arthritis or any part of it is removed and then replaced with implants in order to stop pain and allow better movement. Metal or plastic implants are used to join or cap the ends of the knee. These implants are made from elements that are compatible with the human bones and body at large
With the developments and advancements in the knee surgery field, Knee replacement surgeries have become minimally invasive. Smaller incisions of 4 to 5 inches are made to treat the knee, tendons, cartilage, and the femur. The procedure is associated with less bleeding and pain and it also takes a short period of time.
How Knee problems are diagnosed
From the age of 40, individuals are more prone to arthritis, though; the pain and the cause differ. With a little pain that stays for a month, drugs are given to a patient to eradicate the pain and the inactiveness of the knee. Where this fails, more tests and procedures are carried out.
Some knee problems that result from serious accidents automatically lead to a knee replacement surgery whether in children or adults. Apart from that, the following are carried out to diagnose knee issues;
In this, a small sample of the bone/tissue is removed from the body and studied under a microscope to discover the disease or infection that is affecting the knee
This procedure is done where all other diagnostic procedures have failed to show the actual cause of the pain or where the problem lies
X-rays, bone scan, and physical examinations
These are the first procedures to be performed on any patient with arthritis
Facts you have to know about Knee Replacement Surgery
Medications that include drugs are the first treatments recommended for any knee pain or arthritis. A knee replacement surgery comes in after they have all failed
Knee Replacement surgeries are reliable since they completely eradicate pain and enable one to return to his or her normal activities
There are mainly two types of knee replacement surgeries and they include partial knee replacement and total knee replacement. In a partial knee replacement, only the damaged part of the knee is replaced and it involves smaller incisions. The recovery period is also short.
In a total knee replacement, all the parts of the knee are replaced with implants. The cartilage, patella, ligament, and the tibia are replaced. A total knee replacement will take five to seven weeks for a patient to completely walk alone
Physiotherapy is the best postoperative activity that is carried out after all the knee replacement surgeries. It helps the implants to function quickly and for a person to achieve easy mobility faster
A knee replacement surgery in India will help you eliminate pain and all the difficulties you face in your joint. The procedures are safe, but they also require good postoperative care and treatment